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Relative Pronoun in English


Hello Friends,

I am providing you Relative Pronoun in English with Hindi meaning and Rules with their proper use, examples and Hindi meaning. These are used mostly in our daily conversation and in English Grammar. So, try to learn it in English in your daily conversation, grammar and writing. Read the all examples very carefully and try to make another example of given Relative Pronoun in your own language. It is a great fun to learn English. 

Here are Relative Pronoun in English with their meaning, examples and Hindi meaning that will enrich your English Grammar and make you sound like a native speaker in no time.

 

Relative Pronoun

"जो Pronoun दो वाक्यों को जोड़ता है और अपने से पहले Noun जिसे antecedent कहते है से सम्बन्ध प्रकट करता है, उसे Relative Pronoun कहते है"

 

Examples:   Who, Whom, Which, That etc.

 

Relative Pronoun का प्रयोग निम्नलिखित दो प्रकार से होता है |

 

(i) Continuative: इसमें Relative Pronoun अपने antecedent की विशेषता प्रकट करता है |

 

Examples:

I met Ram who (he) returned my book.

She released the parrot, which (it) at once flew away.

He broke my slate, which I bought yesterday.

Note:

केवल who and which ही ऐसे pronoun है जिनका continuative रूप से प्रयोग हो सकता है | इस प्रयोग में इनसे पहले (,) comma लगता है |

 

(ii) Restrictive: इसमें Relative Pronoun अपने antecedent  की विशेषता प्रकट करता है |

Examples:

I know the boy, who stood first in the class.

Tell me the name of the girl whom you want to marry.

Where is the pen which I gave you.

I have read the book that you gave me.

 

Use of Relative Pronoun

 

Who: (जो,जिसे) Who is used for Person.

Examples:

This is Mohan who is going to America next year.

I helped the boy who was wearing a red shirt.

The students who work hard succeed.


Which (जो,जिसे) (Used for Non-living things, infants and small animals)

Examples:

This is the Ramayan which is written by Tulsidas.

This is the house which belongs to me.

This is the child which was crying.


Whose: (जिसका,जिसकी) Whose is used for persons and sometimes things.

Examples:

The players whose age was below eighteen were not allowed to play.

The chair whose legs are broken should be repaired.

Whom: (जिसको) Whom is used for person.

The officer whom I knew helped me.

The girl to whom I gave the book was his sister.


That: (की) That is used for things, used for persons after adjectives in the superlative degree and used after the interrogative pronoun who, which, and what.

Examples:

The tables that you saw were expensive.

The scooter that I have is blue.

She is the best singer that I have ever met.

Who is there that comes late?

What is that you fear?


Where: (जंहा) Where is used for places.

Examples:

This is the school where I studied in 2005.

This is the hotel where I stayed last year.

 

When: (जब) When is used for time.

Examples:

It was Monday when I was born.

It was 15 august 1947 when India was freed from Britishers.


What: (जो भी) What means that which.

Examples:

What he showed me was interesting.

You may have what you want.

 

Distributive Pronoun

 

"जो Pronoun वाक्य में प्रयुक्त व्यक्तियों या वस्तुओ में से प्रत्येक सो सूचित करे, उसे Distributive Pronoun (विभाग्सुचक सर्वनाम) कहते है" |

Examples: 

either, neither, none, each, any.

Note:

Either and Neither का प्रयोग को के लिये |

Each का दो या दो से अधिक के लिये |

Any, none, no one का प्रयोग दो से अधिक के लिये होता है |

Examples:

Take either of these two apples.

Neither of the two sisters came.

Each of you can go home.

None of them can do it.

Any of these five girls may sing.


Reciprocal Pronoun

वे Pronoun जो दो Pronoun से मिलकर बनते है और परस्पर सम्बन्ध प्रकट करते है, उन्है Reciprocal Pronoun (परस्पर वाचक सर्वनाम) कहते है |

Examples:

each other या one another.

Note:

Each other का प्रयोग दो के लिये और one another का प्रयोग दो से अधिक के लिये होता है |

Examples:

The two brothers loved each other.

The boys helped one another.


Emphatic Pronoun

जिस Pronoun का प्रयोग जोर डालने के लिये हो, उसे Emphatic Pronoun (द्रढ़तापूर्वक सर्वनाम) कहते है | यह भी Reflexive Pronoun की तरह Personal Pronoun के साथ ‘-self’ अथवा ‘-selves’ लगाने से बनते है, किन्तु उनका प्रयोग भिन्न है |

Examples:

I myself will go there.

You yourself can do it.

He himself saw it.

They themselves are to blame.


Indefinite Pronoun

जिस Pronoun से किसी निश्चित व्यक्ति या वस्तु का बोध हो, उसे Indefinite Pronoun (अनिश्चय वाचक सर्वनाम) कहते है |

Examples:

one, none, some many, somebody, anybody, nobody, other, all, few etc.

One should mind one’s business.

Some are born great.

Somebody has come.

Has anybody come?

Nobody has come.

Many of the passengers died. Few escaped unhurt.

Much of this land is fertile.


"Indefinite Pronouns are so called because they do not stand for a definite person or thing".

Examples:

none, others, another, the other, any, all, anyone, anybody, somebody, no one, something and anything.

 

Interrogative Pronoun

"जो Pronoun प्रशन पूछने का कार्य करता है, उसे Interrogative Pronoun (प्रशन वाचक सर्वनाम) कहते है" |

Examples:

who, whom, which, whose, what.

Note:

1. Who, whose, whom व्यक्तियों के लिये: What वस्तुओ के लिये तथा which व्यक्तिओ और वस्तुओ दोनों के लिये प्रयुक्त होता है Which सदैव selection को प्रकट करता है |

2. Who का प्रयोग subject की तरह: whom का प्रयोग object की तरह: whose का प्रयोग Possessive Form में तथा what और which का प्रयोग subject और object दोनों तरह का होता है |

Examples:

Who is she?

What is that?

Which is your pen?

 If you have any problem to understand the rule of this topic, Please ask me about your problem in the comment box.


Rajesh Bhatia




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